Kingsley Baird

By Participants

Kingsley Baird is a visual artist, writer, and professor of fine arts at Massey University, New Zealand. His work investigates memory, memorialisation, and remembrance through the design of national memorials such as the New Zealand Memorial in Canberra, Australia (2001, with Studio of Pacific Architecture), the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior in Wellington, New Zealand (2004) and The Cloak of Peace in Nagasaki, Japan (2006); and through temporary installations in international residencies and solo exhibitions. The latter have been undertaken at Belgium’s In Flanders Fields Museum (Ieper, Diary Dagboek, 2007), Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne, France (Tomb, 2013); and Militärhistorisches Museum, Dresden, Germany (Stela, 2014). These residency works examined orthodox notions of a ‘memorial’ by challenging national identity narratives and fixity of meaning and conventional perceptions of permanence through the use of ephemeral materials and temporary installations. Developing out of the Heartlands Project artist consultancy, a new body of work concerned with memory and place resulted in an international commission (Reflections, Cornwall, UK, 2012).

Kingsley is the chair of The Memory Waka, a memory network partnering with Syracuse University and general editor of the network’s Memory Connection online journals, and chair of the WHAM (War History Heritage Art and Memory) Research Network.

Martin Bayer

By Participants

Martin Bayer’s work as freelance historian, publicist and arts curator centres around the cultural dimensions of war, including the cultures of commemoration. He was educated as photographer (1992-94 Lette-Verein Berlin) and holds a BA in War Studies (2000-03 King’s College London) and a Master of Peace and Security Policy Studies (2003-04 IFSH/University of Hamburg). Among other publications on the First World War, he has written the study “Not just in Flanders Fields – The First World War as Topic of German and International Politics of Memory” for the German Institute for Foreign Cultural Relations (ifa), commissioned by the German Foreign Office in 2013. His photos of German First World War memorials have been exhibited at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra (‘After the War’, 10-12/2018). He is currently preparing a PhD at Freie Universität Berlin (with Prof Oliver Janz) on the British and German approaches to commemorate the First World War centenary.

Pierre Bouchat

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Pierre Bouchat is a researcher in psychology and invited lecturer at the Free University of Brussels and at the Catholic University of Louvain (Louvain-la-Neuve) where he teaches social psychology and methodology. He works in several interdisciplinary teams on memory-related topics.

His current researches focus the role of the collective memory of conflicts on intergroup attitudes and relations. More specifically, he studies at the European level WWI-related memories and their impact on pacifist attitudes. Pierre is also interested in memory dynamics in Belgium and their impact in terms of intergroup relations, ideology and political evolution. A final aspect of his research concerns the study of commemorations of traumatic events and their impact on psychosocial variables.

Frédéric Clavert

By Participants

Frédéric Clavert studied politics and history in Strasbourg and Leeds. International historian by training, he wrote his PhD on Hjalmar Schacht, head of the Reichsbank (1924-1930 and 1933-1939) and Hitler’s minister of the economics (1934-1937). After a few research on central bank’s cooperation, his focus on digitised and born-digitised primary sources led him to the study of the echoes of the centenary of the Great War on Twitter. He worked as a researcher in Luxembourg and Lausanne, as a research enginer in Paris-Sorbonne and is now back in Luxembourg as senior researcher.

selected publications:

Frédéric Clavert, Benoît Majerus, Nicolas Beaupré. #ww1. Twitter, the Centenary of the First World War and the Historian. Twitter for Research 2015, Apr 2015, Lyon, France. 2015. <halshs-01148548>

Frédéric Clavert. Une histoire par les données ? Le futur très proche de l’histoire des relations internationales. Bulletin de l’Institut Pierre Renouvin, UMR Sirice, 2016, Sciences, techniques et relations internationales, pp.119-130. <halshs-01400234>

Clavert Frédéric, « Échos du centenaire de la Première Guerre mondiale sur Twitter », Matériaux pour l’histoire de notre temps, 2016/2 (N° 121-122), p. 18-25. URL :

Danielle Drozdzewski

By Participants

Danielle Drozdzewski is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography at Stockholm University. In 2017 she was Visiting Research Fellow, Institute of International Studies, University of Wroclaw and Berlin Institute of Integration, Humboldt University. Her research expertise is in examining the intersections of memory, identity and place, especially within the context of commemoration of war and violence. She has recently published Doing Memory Differently with Caroline Birdsall and  Memory, Place and Identity: Commemoration and Remembrance of War and Conflict with Sarah De Nardi and Emma Waterton. She is currently working on a new project examining the role of memory in refugee settlement in Germany and Poland.

selected publications:

Drozdzewski, D., (2017) Locating the Geopolitics of Memory in the Polish Streetscape, in Rose-Redwood, R., Alderman, D., and Azaryahu, M. (eds) The Political Life of Urban Streetscapes Naming, Politics, and Place, Abingdon: Routledge., pp 114-131.

Drozdzewski, D., (2017) ‘Less-than-fluent’ and culturally connected: Language learning and cultural fluency as research methodology, AREA, accepted 25 April 2017., DOI: 10.1111/area.12357.

Drozdzewski, D., De Nardi, S., and Waterton, E. (2016) Geographies of memory, place and identity: Intersections in remembering war and conflict, Geography Compass, Vol. 10, No. 11, pp 447-456.

Drozdzewski, D., De Nardi, S., and Waterton, E., (2016) Memory, Place and Identity: Commemoration and Remembrance of War and Conflict, Abingdon: Routledge.

Drozdzewski, D., De Nardi, S., and Waterton, E., (2016) The Significance of Memory in the Present, in Drozdzewski, D, De Nardi, S., and Waterton, E., (eds) ‘Memory, Place and Identity: Commemoration and Remembrance of War and Conflict’, Abingdon: Routledge, pp 1-26.

Drozdzewski, D., (2016) Encountering memory in the everyday city, in Drozdzewski, D, De Nardi, S., and Waterton, E., (eds) ‘Memory, Place and Identity: Commemoration and Remembrance of War and Conflict’, Abingdon: Routledge, pp 27-57.

Drozdzewski, D., (2016) Can Anzac sit comfortably within Australia’s multiculturalism?, Australian Geographer, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp 3-10.

Drozdzewski, D., (2015) ‘Knowing (or not) about Katyń: the silencing and surfacing of public memory’, in Jones, R.D., Robinson, J., and Turner, J., (eds) The Politics of Hiding, Invisibility, and Silence: Between Absence and Presence, Routledge: London, pp 47-62.

Drozdzewski, D., (2014) Using history in the streetscape to affirm geopolitics of memory, Political Geography, Vol. 42, pp 66-78.

Drozdzewski, D., (2014) ‘When the everyday and the sacred collide: Positioning Plaszów in the Kraków landscape’, Landscape Research, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp 255-266.

Jeremy Foster

By Participants
Trained as an architect, landscape architect and cultural geographer, Jeremy Foster is interested in the challenges and opportunities the landscape medium offers for environmental interpretation and design practice. Both his teaching and research are informed by ‘landscape thinking’ – ie. the representation, envisioning and manipulation of ‘nature’. However, his focus is on the constructed environment as a whole, something made as much by those not trained in planning and design as by those who are.  His research projects seek to unpack how specific landscapes, of varying scales, designed as well as undesigned, historical and contemporary, are always emergent, produced and reproduced through intersections between representational discourses and material processes.  He is particularly interested in the Benjaminian notion that material objects and environments contain within them the movement of history, and can never be fully understood without taking into account the often-unconscious desires, hopes and imaginaries involved in their making, use and perpetuation.
Recent publications:
‘Dancing on the grave of industry: Wenders, Bausch and the affective re-performance of environmental history’, Cultural Geographies, 25: 2 (2018): 319-338.
‘Affective ecologies of the present in the Western Front Dominion war memorials’, in D. Harvey & J. Wallis eds.,Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geographies at the Centenary (London, Routledge, 2017): 135-155.
‘From Table Mountain to Hoerikwaggo: re-imagining Africa’s “first landscape”‘  in J. Beardsley ed., Cultural Landscape Heritage in Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington, Dumbarton  Oak, 2016): 397-432.

Matthew Graves

By Participants

Matthew Graves is Associate Professor in British and Commonwealth Studies at Aix-Marseille University, an Associate of the Australian Prime Ministers Centre and Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. His research interests lie at the crossroads of transnational history and political geography and he has published widely on issues of shared memory and identity in 19th-21st century Europe and Australasia, with a focus on shared history and geographies of memory, among them a series articles and book chapters on Australian commemorative spaces co-authored by Elizabeth Rechniewski (USYD). Recent international publications include Geographies of Identity (co-ed., Portal, UTS ePress, vol 12, n°1, 2015) and Histories of Space, Spaces of History (co-ed., E-rea, 14.2 2017). Matthew is a commissioning editor of the ‘Contemporary Societies’ imprint of the University of Provence Press and Liverpool University Press, and a convenor of the Critical Geographies seminar (LERMA, Aix-Marseille University-Montpellier 3). He is currently writing a monograph about the uses of the past in international relations entitled Memorial Diplomacy.

Emma Hanna

By Participants

Dr Emma Hanna is a Senior Research Fellow in the School of History at the University of Kent. Emma has published widely on First World War history including contemporary memory, memorialisation, the media and wartime culture. Emma is also a Co-Investigator on two major UK research projects: Gateways to the First World War (AHRC, 2014-2019) and Reflections on the Centenary of the First World War: Learning & Legacies for the Future (AHRC, 2017-2020).

David Harvey

By Participants

David C. Harvey is an Associate Professor in Critical Heritage Studies at Aarhus Universitet, Denmark, and an Honorary Professor of Historical Cultural Geography at the University of Exeter (UK). His work has focussed on the geographies of heritage, and he has contributed to some key heritage debates, including processual understandings of heritage, extending the temporal depth of heritage, the outlining of heritage-landscape and heritage-climate change relations and the opening up of hidden memories through oral history. His email is

His recent works include The Future of Heritage as Climates Change: Loss, Adaptation and Creativity (edited with Jim Perry, 2015), Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geography at the Centenary (edited with James Wallis, 2017), and ‘Critical heritage debates and the commemoration of the First World War: productive nostalgia and discourses of respectful reverence’, in Helaine Silverman et al (eds) Heritage in Action (2017).

Anna Irimiás

By Participants

Anna Irimiás is a senior lecturer in Business Administration at University of Trento, and an invited lecturer at Corvinus University, Budapest where she teaches in cultural and heritage tourism management. She graduated from the University of Messina in Italy where she was awarded her PhD in Human Geography in 2008. She has taught various tourism-related courses in Hungary, Italy, Norway, Spain, and Turkey.mHer current research interests include the geographies of memory and the management and communication of warscapes and war heritage sites. More specifically, she studies the tourism management of Alpine heritage sites of the WWI in Italy.


Selected publications:

Irimiás, A. and Volo, S. (2018) A netnography of war heritage sites’ online narratives: User-generated content and destination marketing organizations communication at comparison. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research 12(1), 159-172.

Franch, M., Irimiás, A., Buffa, F. (2017) Place identity and war heritage: managerial challenges in tourism development in Trentino and Alto Adige/ Südtirol. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy 13(2), 119-135.

Irimiás, A. (2014) The Great War heritage site management in Trentino, northern Italy. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 9(4), 317-331.

Irimiás, A., Dallari, F. (2016) Editorial to the special issue on ‘War and Tourism’. ALMATOURISM: Journal of tourism, culture and territorial development, 7(5).

Irimiás, A. (2016) A Bajtársiasság Fesztivál Észak-Olaszországban – A közösségi összetartozás élménye. In: Jászberényi M, Zátori A, Ásványi K (szerk.) Fesztiválturizmus. 382 p. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2016. pp. 328-335. ISBN:978 963 05 9715 9.

Irimiás, A. (2014) A Nagy Háború örökségének turisztikai menedzselése. In: Jászberényi Melinda (szerk.) A kulturális turizmus sokszínűsége. 380 p. Budapest: Nemzeti Közszolgálati és Tankönyv Kiadó Zrt., 2014. pp. 173-187. ISBN:978 615 5344 53 4.

Irimiás, A. (2013) A katonai emlékhelyek turisztikai potenciáljának vizsgálata Észak-Olaszországban. Földrajzi Közlemények, 137 (2), p. 153-163.