Chantal Kesteloot

By Participants

Chantal Kesteloot has a PhD in Contemporary History (Université libre de Bruxelles, 2001). Since 1992, she has been a member of the permanent team of the Centre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Contemporary Society (CegeSoma) (, currently in charge of the sector of public history. Her main areas of interest are the history of Brussels, memory of the war and Belgian history; issues of nationalism and national identities. Shane is also the Corresponding Secretary of the International Federation for Public History.

selected publications:

“De la séparation administrative au nationalisme belge : la quête identitaire du mouvement wallon à la faveur de la Grande Guerre”, in Sylvain Gregori & Jean-Paul Pellegrinetti (dir.), Minorités, identités régionales et nationales en guerre 1914-1918, PUR, Rennes, 2017.

(with Laurence van Ypersele), ‘Pour une analyse du phénomène commémoratif” in Revue belge d’Histoire contemporaine, XLVI, 2016, n°3-4, pp. 207-222.

(with Bruno Benvido), Bruxelles, ville occupée, 1914-1914, La Renaissance du Livre, 2016.

(with Mélanie Bost), Les commémorations de la Première Guerre mondiale (Courrier hebdomadaire du CRISP, n°2235-2236), Bruxelles, 2014.

Chantal Kesteloot (dir.), Albert & Elisabeth. Le film de la vie d’un couple royal, Bruxelles, Mardaga, 2014.

(with Laurence van Ypersele and Emmanuel Debruyne), Brussels. Memory and War (1914-2014), Bruxelles, La Renaissance du Livre, 2014.

Régionalisme wallon et nationalisme flamand. D’autres projets ou simplement un autre nom ?, Bruxelles, ASP Editions, 2013.

(with Bodil Axelsson and Christine Dupont) (dir.), Entering the Minefields : the Creation of New History Museums in Europe. Conference Proceedings from EuNaMus, European National Museums: Identity Politics, the Uses of the Past, and the European Citizen, Brussels 25 January 2012, EuNaMus Report n°9. Available at

“The Role of the War in National Societies: The Exemples of Belgium, Luxemburg and the Netherlands”, in Experience and Memory. The Second World War in Europe edited by Jörg Echternkamp and Stefan Martens, New York/Oxford, Berghahn, 2013.

(With Bruno De Wever), “When was the End of Belgium ? Explanations from the Past”, in Journal of Belgian History, XLII, 2012, 4, p. 218-234. Available at

Olivier Luminet

By Participants

Olivier Luminet is research director at the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (FRS-FNRS), full professor in psychology at the Université catholique de Louvain (UCL) and associate professor at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) in Belgium. He also did long research/education stays at the University of Toulouse (France), Manchester (UK) and Toronto (Canada).

An important part of his research activity is dedicated to the links between emotion, identity and memories (both individual and collective). He has conducted several studies on cognitive and emotional determinants of flashbulb memories and its impact on collective memory. His current activities includes coordinating a large interdisciplinary project on « Recognition and resentment : experiences and memories of the Great War in Belgium », another one starting on intergenerational transmission of WWII memories. He also supervises projects on the foresight bias and causal, emotional and temporal approach of historical analogies.

Sam Merrill

By Participants

Samuel Merrill is a postdoctoral researcher at Umeå University’s Digital Social Research Unit. He has an undergraduate degree in archaeology, a postgraduate degree in heritage studies and a doctorate in cultural geography. His PhD thesis was recently awarded the 2014 Peter Lang Young Scholars in Memory Studies Prize and will be published as Networked Remembrance: Excavating Buried Memories in the Railways beneath London and Berlin later this year. His email is

Hamzah Muzaini

By Participants

Hamzah Muzaini is a cultural geographer with the Department of Southeast Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore. His current research relates to the overarching agenda of ‘heritage from below’ which looks at the pluralistic – as a well as political – ways in which heritage can be constructed and experienced by non-state actors, particularly as this applies to the empirical contexts of war remembrance, cultural theme parks and transnational (migrant) heritage. He is co-author of Contested Memoryscapes: The Politics of Second World War Commemoration in Singapore (with Brenda Yeoh, 2016) and co-editor of After Heritage: Critical Perspectives of Heritage from Below (with Claudio Minca, 2018). Prior to entering academia, he was heritage consultant and curator of Changi Chapel and Museum, Singapore.

Tom Sear

By Participants

Tom Sear is a PhD student in Cyber Security at UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy. His PhD explores digital commemoration and the warfare information space (notably interpersonal and social media-based communication) over the last century. It has a particular focus on the convergence and reflexivity between the memory of nodal conflicts from the twentieth century, contemporary war media ecologies and gaming within planetary scale computation. The purpose of this interdisciplinary research is to advise IT specialists, military personnel and educators how to maximize information tools within future conflict, by applying historical, social science and digital theory lenses to the analysis. His expertise also intersects methodologically with Cyber Security. His PhD considers the capacity and methodological impact of new tools for Information War analysis.

selected publications

2016, ‘Dawn Servers: Anzac Day 2015 and Hyperconnective Commemoration’, in West B (ed.), War Memory and Commemoration, Routledge, pp. 67 – 88,

2016, ‘Uncanny Valleys and Anzac Avatars: Scaling a Postdigital Gallipoli’, in Frances R;Scates B (ed.), Beyond Gallipoli: New Perspectives on ANZAC, Monash University Press, pp. 55 – 82,


Katherine Smits

By Participants

Katherine Smits is Associate Professor of Politics at the University of Auckland, New Zealand.  A political theorist, she writes on liberal political philosophy, historical and modern, and its relationship to nationalism, identity politics and multiculturalism.  She is also interested in the role of culture and cultural diversity in nation-building projects, and has published on the deployment of indigeneity and ethnic diversity in state-sponsored nationalism in New Zealand and Australia, the role of World’s Fairs and Expos in constructing national identity, and the role of biculturalism and Maori/Pakeha politics in New Zealand’s commemoration of the First World War.  She is currently writing a book comparing the uses of cultural diversity by modern states, to support domestic and foreign policy projects.

Peter Stanley

By Participants

Prof Peter Stanley of UNSW Canberra is one of Australia’s most active military social historians. Formerly the Principal Historian at the Australian War Memorial, where he worked from 1980 to 2007, he has published over 30 books, mainly in Australian military history, but also in the military history of British India. His bookBad Characters: Sex, Crime, Mutiny, Murder and the Australian Imperial Force was jointly awarded the Prime Minister’s Prize for History in 2011. His recent books include Die in Battle, Do not Despair, the first-ever study of the Indian contribution to Gallipoli and his forthcoming book will be ‘Terriers’ in India: British Territorials 1914-19, the first-ever book on their experience in India. He is a frequent commentator on war experience and memory in the media.

Shanti Sumartojo

By Participants

Shanti Sumartojo is a Vice Chancellor’s Research Fellow in the School of Media and Communication at RMIT University (Australia), based in the Digital Ethnography Research Centre. Her research investigates how people experience their spatial surroundings, including both material and immaterial aspects, using design and sensory ethnography and creative practice methodologies. With a particular focus on the built environment and urban public space, this includes ongoing work on memorials and commemorative sites.

selected publications:

Wellings, B and Sumartojo, S (eds) (2017) Commemorating Race and Empire in the First World War Centenary. Liverpool/Marseille: Liverpool University Press/Presses Universitaires de Provence.

Sumartojo, S (2017) ‘Local complications: Anzac commemoration, education and tourism at Melbourne’s Shrine of Remembrance’ in Wallis, J and Harvey, D (eds) Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geographies at the Centenary. London: Routledge.

Sumartojo, S (2017) ‘Tweeting from the past: commemorating the Anzac Centenary @ABCNews1915’, Memory Studies. DOI: 10.1177/1750698017709873.

Closs Stephens, A, Hughes, S, Schofield, V, Sumartojo, S (2017) ‘Atmospheric memories: Affect and minor politics at the ten-year anniversary of the London bombings’, Emotion, Space and Society 23: 44-51.

Sumartojo, S (2016) ‘Commemorative atmospheres: memorial sites, collective events and the experience of national identity’, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 41(4): 541-553.

Sumartojo, S and Stevens, Q (2016) ‘Anzac Atmospheres’ in Drozdzewski, D, de Nardi, S and Waterton, E (eds) Memory, Place and Identity: Commemoration and Remembrance of War and Conflict. London: Routledge, 189-204.

Sumartojo, S (2015), ‘‘You aren’t an Aussie if you don’t come’: National identity and visitors’ practices at the Australian National Memorial, Villers-Bretonneux,’ in Lossau, J and Stevens, Q (eds), The Uses of Art in Public Space. London: Routledge, 131-144.

Sumartojo, S (2015) ‘On atmosphere and darkness at Australia’s Anzac Day Dawn Service’, Visual Communication 14(2): 267-288.

Sumartojo, S and Wellings, B, (eds) (2014) Nation, Memory, and Great War Commemoration: Mobilizing the Past in Europe, Australia and New Zealand. Bern: Peter Lang. ISBN 978-3-0343-0937-0.

Sumartojo, S (2013) Trafalgar Square and the Narration of Britishness, 1900-2012: Imagining the Nation. Bern: Peter Lang.

James Wallis

By Participants

James Wallis is a Research Fellow at the Universities of Exeter and Brighton. Currently employed on ‘Reflections on the Centenary of the First World War: Learning and Legacies for the Future’, he has worked on several post-doctoral First World War-related projects – including affiliations with the ‘Everyday Lives in War’ Public Engagement Centre (University of Hertfordshire) and ‘Living Legacies 1914–18’ (Queens University Belfast). Formerly an Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded Collaborative Doctoral Award student at Exeter and Imperial War Museums, his research explores the critical geographies of conflict heritage in a variety of contexts. Recent and ongoing projects examine the relationship between photography and conflict commemoration, and museological interpretations of the First World War. His recent work includes Commemorative Spaces of the First World War: Historical Geography at the Centenary (edited with David Harvey, 2017) and Between ‘Then and Now’ – An Exploration of Commemorative First World War Photography.

Emma Waterton

By Participants

Emma Waterton is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at Western Sydney University, and an Institute Fellow in the Institute for Culture and Society. Her research explores the interface between heritage, identity, memory and affect. Her most recent project, ‘Photos of the Past’, was a three-year examination of all four concepts at a range of Australian heritage sites, including Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park, Sovereign Hill, Port Arthur and Kakadu National Park, and was funded by an ARC DECRA. She is author of the monograph Politics, Policy and the Discourses of Heritage in Britain (2010, Palgrave Macmillan), and co-author of Heritage, Communities and Archaeology (with Laurajane Smith; 2009, Duckworth) and The Semiotics of Heritage Tourism (with Steve Watson; 2014, Channel View Publications). She co-edits the book series Critical Studies in Heritage, Emotion and Affect (Routledge).

Selected publications:

Waterton, E. and J. Dittmer (2017) Affecting the Body: Cultures of Militarism at the Australian War Memorial. In: D. Tolia-Kelly, E. Waterton and S. Watson (eds) Heritage, Affect and Emotion: Politics, Policies and Infrastructures. Routledge: Abingdon, pp. 47–74.

Drozdzewski, D, S. De Nardi and E. Waterton (eds) (2016) Memories of War, Place and Identity. London: Routledge.

Drozdzewski, D., S. De Nardi and E. Waterton (2016) The Significance of Memory in the Present. In: D. Drozdzewski, S. De Nardi and E. Waterton (eds) Memories of War, Place and Identity: Commemoration of War and Conflict. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 1–16.

Dittmer, J. and E. Waterton (2016) Embodied Memory at the Australian War Memorial. In: D. Drozdzewski, S. De Nardi and E. Waterton (eds) Memories of War, Place and Identity: Commemoration of War and Conflict. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 169–188.

Drozdzewski, D., S. De Nardi and E. Waterton (2016) Geographies of Memory, Place and Identity: Intersections in Remembering War and Conflict, Geography Compass, 10(11): 447−456.

Waterton, E. and J. Dittmer (2016) Transnational War Memories in Australia’s Heritage Field, Media International Australia, 158(1): 58–68.

Waterton, E. and S. Watson (2015) A War Long Forgotten: Feeling the Past in an English Country Village. Angelaki, 20(3): 89–103.

Waterton, E. and J. Dittmer (2014) The Museum as Assemblage: Bringing Forth Affect at the Australian War Memorial, Museum Management and Curatorship, 29(2): 122–39.

Waterton, E. (2011) The Burden of Knowing Versus the Privilege of Unknowing. In L. Smith, G. Cubitt, R. Wilson and K. Fouseki (eds) Representing Enslavement and Abolition in Museums: Ambiguous Engagements, London: Routledge, pp. 23–43.

Waterton, E., L. Smith, R. Wilson and K. Fouseki, (2010) Forgetting to Heal: Remembering the Abolition Act of 1807. European Journal of English Studies, 14(1): 23–35.