Caroline Winter

By Participants

Dr Caroline Winter is a Lecturer at William Angliss Institute in Melbourne, Australia. Her main research interest concerns social memory and the commemorative practices of visitors at memorials for the Great War of 1914-1918. Most of Caroline’s research is conducted on the old Western Front battlefields, at military cemeteries, memorials, museums and visitor centres. She is also interested in the ethics of using animals in tourism, particularly thoroughbred horse racing. Her email is

selected publications:

Winter, C. (2016). Celebrating peace and commemorating war in the city of Ieper. In Battlefield Events: Landscape, Commemoration and Heritage. (Eds.) K. Reeves, G. Bird, L. James, B. Stichelbaut, J. Bourgeois. London: Routledge. Pp. 77-94.

Winter, C. (2015). Ritual, remembrance and war: Social memory at Tyne Cot. Annals of Tourism Research 54:16-29.

Winter, C. (2014). Tourism to the battlefield memorials in Fromelles. Tourism Review International, 17(3),211-222.

Winter, C. (2012). Commemoration of the Great War on the Somme: Exploring Personal Connections. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 10(3), 248-263.

Winter, C. (2011). Cemeteries of the First World War: Insights from Visitor Books. Tourism Geographies, 13(3), 462-479.

Winter, C. (2011). Battlefield Visitor Motivations: Explorations in the Great War Town of Ieper, Belgium. International Journal of Tourism Research, 13(2), 164-176.

Winter, C. (2011). Battlefield Tourism and Australian National Identity: Gallipoli and the Western Front. In Tourism and National Identities: An International Perspective, E. F. Frew and L. White, eds., pp. 176-189. London: Routledge.

Winter, C. (2009). Tourism, Social Memory and the Great War. Annals of Tourism Research, 36, 607-626.

Nico Wouters

By Participants

Nico Wouters is Director of the Centre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Contemporary Society (CegeSoma), the Fourth Operational Directorate of the Belgian State Archives. He is also Guest Professor at the History Department of Ghent University, Belgium. He is co-editor in chief of the Journal of Belgian History and editorial board member of the Low Countries Historical Review. His recent edited volumes include Transitional Justice and Memory in Europe 1945-2013 (2014) and The Palgrave Handbook of State-Sponsored History after 1945 (with Berber Bevernage) (2017).

Dominique Vanneste

By Participants

Dominique Vanneste is Professor at the University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Division of Geography and Tourism. She is involved in the research groups of Human Geography and Tourism and is the director of a Research and Development Unit ‘ASTOR’ (Association for Tourism Research) as well as program director for the KU Leuven part of an Erasmus Mundus Master in Sustainable Territorial Development. She represents KU Leuven with the UNITWIN-UNESCO network and with the UNWTO Knowledge Network. Her main research interests and lecturing topics are: economic geography (regional development, networking and location factors), historical geography (relationship between landscape, heritage, identity and conservation) and tourism (sustainable tourism and governance, heritage tourism, geo-tourism, tourism as a regional development lever). She assumes research on World War I since 2009 with several international publications (book chapters in Sacred Places in Modern Western Culture, 2011; War and Tourism, 2012; Handbook of Dark Tourism Studies, 2016); presentations on international conferences; and ten project reports and master theses on different aspects of WWI and its relationship to the present day landscape, visitors and (tourism) products.

selected publications and talks:

Vanneste, D., Winter, C. (2016) First World War battlefield tourism: Journeys out of the dark and into the light. In Ph. Stone, R. Hartmann, T. Seaton, R. Sharpley, L. White (eds), Handbook of Dark Tourism Studies. London-New York: Palgrave Macmillan (in press).

Vanneste, D., Foote, K., (2012). War, Heritage, Tourism, and the Centenary of the Great War in Flanders and Belgium. In R. Butler & W. Suntikul (eds), War and Tourism (chapter 20, pp. 254-272). Oxford – New York: Routledge -Taylor and Francis Ltd.

Foote, K.E. & Vanneste, D., (2011). The Menin Gate Memorial, Ieper, Belgium. In A.L. Molendijk, P. Post & J. Kroesen (eds), Sacred Places in Modern Western Culture (pp. 253-258). Leuven: Peeters.

Vanneste, D., Vanderstraeten, L. (2016) Mapping destination of visits to WWI sites: facts from the past, intentions for the future. Mappemonde -Special issue ‘Les espaces de la commémoration. Mémoires du premier conflit mondial et cartographies’ (in review).

Boone S., Decoster E., Germonprez K., Reyserhove S., Verstrynge C., under the supervision of D. Vanneste (2010). Draagvlak voor WOI-erfgoedtoerisme bij bezoekers/toeristen in de Vlaamse frontzone (Level of support for WWI heritage tourism among visitors/ tourists in the Felish front area): research report.


(2009). In Flanders Fields 2014. War, Heritage, Preservation, Tourism, Regional Identity and the Remembrance of WWI in Belgium, AAG, Las Vegas, March 22-27, 2009 (with K. Foote, Univ. of Colorado at Boulder)

(2009). War tourism (peace tourism?) in the First World War Battle Field Area. Opportunities for West Flanders as a non-mainstream destination from the search for niche experience, TTRA Canada Conference, Guelph, October 14-17, 2009

(2010). In Flanders Fields 2014-2018. Just another Case of Dark Tourism? Guest Lecture IGEAT, Brussels, February 12, 2010

(2011). Insights from and relevancy of visitors’ – tourists’ surveys in the Flanders WWI Battlefield Area, International Workshop ‘Landscapes and Sites of memory of the Great War’, organized by the Flemish Governement, Ypres/ Passendale, September 16-18, 2011

(2012) Visiting battlefields: Darkness of the site or darkness of the mind? Insights from a visitors’-tourists’ survey. AAG Annual Meeting, New York, February 24-28, 2012.

(2013), Visiting the WWI battlefield area : joining war and peace in a mental construct ? Peace Conference ‘Post Conflict, Cultural heritage and Regional Development’, Wageningen, October 9-11, 2013

(2016) What makes the transition from a war heritagescape to a memoryscape for the visitor?
The case of the WWI sites in Flanders (Belgium). Colloque international – projet UNESCO “Sites funéraires et mémoriels de la Première Guerre Mondiale (Front Ouest)”, Ecole militaire, Paris– 21&22 octobre 2016.

Laurence van Ypersele

By Participants

Laurence van Ypersele is Professor at the Université catholique de Louvain (Belgium). She teaches Modern History and she works especially on World War I and the memory of WWI. She is a member of the board of the Historial de la Grande Guerre of Péronne (France), and has written several books, including: Le roi Albert, Histoire d’un mythe (Quorum, 1995; Labor, 2006); Question d’histoire contemporaine: Conflits, mémoires et identités (PUF, 2006); Je serai fusillé demain. Les dernières lettres des patriotes belges et français fusillés par l’occupant, 1914-1918 (Racine, 2011); and Brussels, War and Memory, 1914-2014 (La Renaissance du livre, 2014).